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Остеопороз и когнитивные расстройства у пожилых: есть ли связь?

https://doi.org/10.37586/2686-8636-1-2022-24-31

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Аннотация

Старение ассоциировано с развитием ряда специфических патологических состояний, среди которых особое место занимают остеопороз и различные когнитивные расстройства. Эпидемиологически установлено, что два этих состояния тесно связаны: наличие когнитивных нарушений повышает риск остеопороза, а среди пациентов с остеопорозом чаще выявляется деменция, в частности, вызванная болезнью Альцгеймера. Остеопороз у пациентов с деменцией представляет собой чрезвычайно серьезную проблему, поскольку развитие остеопоротических переломов чревато резким усугублением когнитивного статуса и существенным нарастанием инвалидности и смертности. Связь между изменением минеральной плотности костей и когнитивным статусом у пожилых изучена недостаточно. В обзоре приведены данные неклинических и клинических исследований, описывающих общие генетические и метаболические факторы, лежащие в основе патогенеза обсуждаемых патологических состояний, которые имеет смысл учитывать при планировании будущих клинических исследований как деменции, так и остеопороза.

Об авторах

М. А. Чердак
ФГАОУ ВО РНИМУ им. Н.И. Пирогова Минздрава России, Российский геронтологический научно-клинический центр
Россия

канд. мед. наук, ассистент кафедры болезней старения ФДПО

телефон: +7(926)5604289

Москва 



Е. Н. Дудинская
ФГАОУ ВО РНИМУ им. Н.И. Пирогова Минздрава России, Российский геронтологический научно-клинический центр
Россия

 канд. мед. наук, заведующая лабораторией возрастных метаболических и эндокринных нарушений 

телефон: +7(903)191-46-90

 Москва 



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Рецензия

Для цитирования:


Чердак М.А., Дудинская Е.Н. Остеопороз и когнитивные расстройства у пожилых: есть ли связь? Российский журнал гериатрической медицины. 2022;(1):24-31. https://doi.org/10.37586/2686-8636-1-2022-24-31

For citation:


Cherdak M.A., Dudinskaya E.N. Osteoporosis and cognitive impairment in older adults: what is the link? Russian Journal of Geriatric Medicine. 2022;(1):24-31. (In Russ.) https://doi.org/10.37586/2686-8636-1-2022-24-31

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